The act of Jesus kicking over the tables
of the money changers in a temple is one of the first recorded
examples of direct action.
was time for the annual Passover celebration, and Jesus went to
Jerusalem. In the Temple area he saw merchants selling cattle,
sheep, and doves for sacrifices; and he saw money changers behind
their counters. Jesus made a whip from some ropes and chased them
all out of the Temple. He drove out the sheep and oxen, scattered
the money changers' coins over the floor, and turned over their
source: New Living Bible,
The execution of Jesus was a form of execution
used by the Romans for revolutionaries. source:heurke
LUTHER KING -
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. wrote that
the philosophy and practice of nonviolence has six basic elements.
First, nonviolence is resistance to evil
and oppression. It is a human way to fight.
Second, it does not seek to defeat or humiliate
the opponent, but to win his/her friendship and understanding.
Third, the nonviolent method is an attack
on the forces of evil rather than against persons doing the evil.
It seeks to defeat the evil and not the persons doing the evil
Fourth, it is the willingness to accept
suffering without retaliation.
Fifth, a nonviolent resister avoids both
external physical and internal spiritual violence- not only refuses
to shoot, but also to hate, an opponent. The ethic of real love
is at the center of nonviolence.
Sixth, the believer in nonviolence has
a deep faith in the future and the forces in the universe are
seen to be on the side of justice.
disliked the words and idea of "passive resistance".
Gandhi believed that opponents
must be converted by a demonstration of purity, humility, and
They are to be converted - not annihilated.
Violence creates bitterness in the victim, and
brutality in the attacker.
Gandhi promoted a constant dialogue between opponents
with a view to ultimate reconciliation.
Insults, threats, and propaganda only serve to
obstruct the goal.
MORE ON GANDHI + BREAKING
THE LAW HERE
ANC launched its Campaign for the Defiance of Unjust Laws in 1952,
when Mandela was National Volunteer-in-Chief.
The Defiance Campaign was conceived as a mass
civil disobedience campaign that would snowball from a core of
selected volunteers to involved more and more ordinary people,
culminating in mass defiance.
Fulfilling his responsibility as Volunteer-in-Chief,
Mandela traveled the country organising resistance to discriminatory
Charged and brought to trial for his role in the
campaign, the court found that Mandela and his co-accused had
consistently advised their followers to adopt a peaceful course
of action and to avoid all violence.
For his part in the Defiance Campaign, Mandela
was convicted of contravening the Suppression of Communism Act
and given a suspended prison sentence.
Shortly after the campaign ended, he was also
prohibited from attending gatherings and confined to Johannesburg
for six months.
Dutch Activist Arthur Laumann takes direct action
to prevent a bus load of delegates from arriving at the world
economic forum in melbourne last year.
During the June 18 global day of action,
Disturbance Theater coordinated an international cyber attack
on the Mexican embassy in London. On-line protesters used a program
that made multiple requests to the embassy Web server. The server
was crashed after receiving endless requests from 18,000 people
from 46 countries.
In the lead up to the mass s-11 protests in melbourne
last year, nike.com was redirected
to s11.org for 19 hours - causing thousands of nike fans to read
facts on abuses in nike sweatshops. - more
PROTESTERS - USA
Opponents of the Vietnam War employed
the use of draft card burnings, draft file destruction, mass demonstrations,
sit-ins, blocking induction centers, draft and tax resistance,
and the historic 1971 May Day traffic blocking in Washington,
D.C. in which 13,000 people were arrested.
PARKS - USA
On December 1, 1955, seamstress Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing
to yield her seat to a white patron on a Montgomery, Alabama city
Mrs. Parks was found guilty of disorderly conduct
and that lead directly to the Montgomery
Mrs. Parks was not the "quiet seamstress" as
the media has often portrayed her.
In 1943 she became a member of the Montgomery
chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored
People (NAACP), and she served as its secretary until 1956. After
the Bus Boycott, Mrs. Parks lost her job and, with her husband
and mother, relocated to Detroit in 1957.
In 1999 she was awarded the Congressional Gold
Medal of Honor, the highest honour a civilian can receive in the
She continues to live in Detroit, is still active
in the Civil Rights Movement and lends her "Quiet Strength" to
the Rosa and Raymond Parks Institute
for Self Development.
e-mail in your profiles on other acts of civil
disobedience to email@example.com
- with sources